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Understanding The Basics of Beer 104.

In our previous three blog posts, we covered the basics of beer understanding, including ingredients, styles, tasting, grains, hops, yeast, fermentation, serving, ABV, IBU, color, mouthfeel, aging, and food pairing. In this post, we'll dive even deeper and explore some advanced concepts that will help you become a true beer expert.


Water is the most important ingredient in beer, as it makes up the majority of the final product. The quality of the water used can have a significant impact on the flavor and character of the beer. Certain minerals, such as calcium, magnesium, and sulfate, can enhance or detract from the flavor of the beer. Different regions of the world have different water profiles, which have influenced the styles of beer produced in those regions. For example, the water in Burton-upon-Trent, England has high levels of sulfate, which is ideal for brewing hoppy pale ales.

Hops Varieties

There are over 100 different varieties of hops, each with its own unique flavor and aroma profile. Some of the most popular hop varieties include Cascade, Chinook, Amarillo, Centennial, and Citra. Hops can be used at different stages of the brewing process to create different effects. For example, adding hops early in the boil will result in more bitterness, while adding hops later in the boil or during fermentation will result in more aroma and flavor. Dry hopping, which involves adding hops to the beer after fermentation is complete, can create a more intense hop aroma and flavor.

Malt Varieties

Just like hops, there are many different varieties of malt used in brewing. Some of the most common malts include pale malt, Munich malt, crystal malt, and chocolate malt. Each type of malt has a different flavor and color profile, and can be used to create beers with different characteristics. Some brewers use specialty malts, such as smoked malt or roasted barley, to create unique flavors and aromas in their beers.

Yeast Strains

There are countless different yeast strains used in brewing, each with its own unique characteristics. Some strains produce fruity or spicy flavors, while others produce more neutral or clean flavors. Certain strains are used for specific styles of beer, such as Belgian or German styles. Yeast can also impact the mouthfeel of the beer, as certain strains can create a fuller or creamier texture.

Brewing Techniques

There are many different brewing techniques that can be used to create different styles of beer. Some techniques, such as decoction mashing or open fermentation, are traditional methods that have been used for centuries. Others, such as dry hopping or barrel aging, are newer techniques that have become popular in recent years. Each technique can impact the flavor, aroma, and appearance of the beer. For example, barrel aging can add flavors of vanilla, oak, and bourbon to the beer, while open fermentation can create more complex flavors and aromas.

Sensory Evaluation

Sensory evaluation is the process of using your senses to evaluate the qualities of a beer. This includes evaluating the appearance, aroma, flavor, and mouthfeel of the beer. Sensory evaluation can help you identify specific flavors and aromas in the beer, and can also help you determine whether the beer is balanced or unbalanced.


Beer is an incredibly complex and diverse beverage, with a rich history and culture. By learning about water, hops varieties, malt varieties, yeast strains, brewing techniques, and sensory evaluation, you can take your appreciation of beer to the next level. Whether you're a seasoned beer connoisseur or just starting out, there's always something new to discover in the world of beer. So the next time you enjoy a cold one, take some time to appreciate all of the factors that have gone into creating that amazing beverage. By understanding the different ingredients, brewing techniques, and sensory evaluation, you can better appreciate the nuances and complexities of each beer you drink. And don't be afraid to try new beers or experiment with different pairings - the world of beer is vast and constantly evolving, and there's always something new to discover. Cheers!

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